In Indiana, both parents are required to support their children financially until the child is emancipated. The child support that is owed by the non-custodial parent is set by statute and is based upon a formula established by the legislature, which is described in the Indiana Child Support Guidelines.
The factors taken into account in this formula include: both parties' gross income, whether there are any subsequent or prior born children, the cost of weekly health insurance premiums for the children, costs associated with work-related child care and the number of overnights the non-custodial parent spends with the children. This information is put into a Child Support Obligation Worksheet, and is calculated and applied to a guideline table to determine a basic child support obligation. The Indiana Supreme Court website provides a child support calculator for use by the public.
One common area of contention in child support disputes is determining a parties' gross income. The attorneys at Mitchell Law Group are experienced in determining all of the different sources of income that the statute requires to be taken into account. In some circumstances, the court may impute income to a parent who minimizes their income in order to avoid paying child support, or to a parent that is underemployed. The court may also deviate from the amount calculated based on the guidelines if application of same would produce an unjust result. A change in either parents' income, as well as other substantial changes, can lead to a modification of an original child support order.
The court may issue an order on how expenses for a child’s education are to be paid by the parents, upon request of either parent. The court may include the college expenses in the child support order or issue a separate education order. For orders regarding educational expenses, the court will consider both the ability of the parents and the child to contribute, as well as the child’s aptitude and ability. Generally, an educational order must be requested prior to the child turning nineteen years of age, although you should speak with an attorney as soon as possible to determine the applicable deadlines for your child.
There have been new changes in the law which impact the age of emancipation and the deadlines parents have follow in order to seek post-secondary education expenses for their children. The attorneys at M&A encourage you to seek legal advice regarding these changes in the law and how they impact your individual situation.
As with all other information contained on this website, this information should not be considered legal advice and you should seek advice from an attorney. Appointments may be arranged to discuss your situation with our attorneys but no advice may be given by initial phone or email contact.